Nettle, commonly referred to as Stinging Nettle, is a hardy perennial herbaceous plant known for its stinging hairs and medicinal properties. The genus Urtica includes around 45 species, with Urtica dioica being the most well-known. Nettles are appreciated for their nutritional value and historical uses in traditional medicine.

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Native Habitat: Nettle species are native to temperate regions across the world, including Europe, Asia, North America, and North Africa. They thrive in nitrogen-rich soils and are often found in disturbed areas such as roadsides, riverbanks, and forest edges. Nettles prefer moist, well-drained soil and can grow in a variety of light conditions from full sun to partial shade.

Historical and Cultural Significance: Nettles have been used for centuries in various cultures for their medicinal and nutritional properties. In ancient Greece and Rome, they were utilized to treat ailments such as arthritis and coughs. In Europe, nettles were historically used to make cloth and were a staple in traditional medicine and cuisine.