Fertilizing houseplants is crucial for their health and growth, providing essential nutrients they might not get from the potting soil alone. Here’s a guide to help you choose the right fertilizer and apply it properly for various types of houseplants.

Understanding Plant Nutrients

Houseplants require three primary macronutrients:

  1. Nitrogen (N): Promotes leaf growth and greenery.
  2. Phosphorus (P): Supports root development and flowering.
  3. Potassium (K): Aids overall plant health and disease resistance.

Additionally, plants need micronutrients like calcium, magnesium, and iron, though in smaller amounts.

Types of Fertilizers

  1. Liquid Fertilizers:
  2. Granular Fertilizers:
  3. Slow-Release Fertilizers:
  4. Organic Fertilizers:

Choosing the Right Fertilizer

Different houseplants have varying nutritional needs. Here are some guidelines:

  1. Leafy Plants (e.g., Pothos, Philodendrons):
  2. Flowering Plants (e.g., African Violets, Orchids):